Glomus intraradices. Background: Mentha arvensis is cultivated in large parts of the...

Glomus intraradices is one of the most studied AM fungi as i

Two controlled microcosm experiments aimed at a critical re-assessment of the contributions of divergent arbuscular mycorrhizal (AM) fungi to plant mineral nutrition were established that specifically targeted Plantago lanceolata-Glomus intraradices (B.B/E) and -Gigaspora margarita (BEG 34) symbioses developed in a native, nutrient limited, coastal dune soil. Plant tissue nitrogen (N ...Glomus intraradices Glomus macrocarpus and Gigaspora gigantea Glomus epigaeus and Glomus fasciculatus Gigaspora gigantea Glomus dimorphicum Organisms shown to be alive at start of experiment Yes No No Yes No Parasites were experimentally introduced to AMF population Yes –Trichoderma harzianum Yes –‘Pythium-like’ fungusAug 14, 2021 · The nomenclatural type material of Rhizophagus intraradices (basionym Glomus intraradices) was originally described from a trap pot culture established with root fragments, subcultures of which later became registered in the INVAM culture collection as FL 208. Subcultures of FL 208 (designated as strain ATT 4) and a new strain, independently ... Background: Mentha arvensis is cultivated in large parts of the world for its menthol-rich essential oil. The study investigates the potential of four mycorrhizal fungi, viz. Glomus mosseae (Gm), Glomus aggregatum (Ga), Glomus fasciculatum (Gf) and Glomus intraradices (Gi) in alleviating NaCl-induced salt stress in Mentha arvensis cv. Kosi and establishes the specificity of interaction between ... Also known as Glomus intraradices. Perhaps the most common, effective and widely used beneficial mycorrhizal fungi species... . Rhizophagus irregularis ...Contribution of Glomus intraradices inoculation to nutrient acquisition and mitigation of ionic imbalance in NaCl-stressed Trigonella foenum-graecum. Mycorrhiza. 22(3): 203 – 217. , , [Web of Science ®], [Google Scholar] Evelin H, Kapoor R, Giri B. 2009. Arbuscular mycorrhizal fungi in alleviation of salt stress: a review.Jul 14, 2011 · Here we show that Glomus intraradices secretes a protein, SP7, that interacts with the pathogenesis-related transcription factor ERF19 in the plant nucleus. ERF19 is highly induced in roots by the fungal pathogen Colletotrichum trifolii as well as by several fungal extracts, but only transiently during mycorrhiza colonization. 24 Nis 2014 ... intraradices colonization stimulates plant height, stem diameter and root fresh weight of Cucumis melo L. under WS conditions. G. intraradices ...Differential growth of Fusarium oxysporum f.sp chrysanthemi, Trichoderma harzianum, Clavibactor michiganesis and Pseudomonas chlororaphis was explained by substances released from Glomus intraradices under in vitro culture conditions (Filion et al., 1999). Grandmaison et al.Glomus intraradices N.C. Schenck & G.S. Sm. Spores occur in aggregates or singly in the soil, and frequently are formed inside of roots. AGGREGATES pale yellow (3A3) to greyish yellow (2B5); of a different shape, usually ovoid 0.3-1.8 x 1.0-3.0 mm; containing from 2 to more than 100 spores.Glomus intraradices has been shown to suppress the expression of plant P transporters of the plant pathway the most, whereas G. mosseae had the least effect . In tomato, almost 100% of the plant´sPwas taken up by G. intraradices via the mycorrhizal pathway, but the contribution of Gigaspora rosea to total P uptake was much lower .Arbuscular mycorrhizal fungi (AMF) are important contributors to both plant and soil health. Twenty-five years ago, researchers discovered ‘glomalin’, a soil component potentially produced by AMF, which was unconventionally extracted from soil and bound by a monoclonal antibody raised against Rhizophagus irregularis spores. ‘Glomalin’ can …The transcriptome of the arbuscular mycorrhizal fungus Glomus intraradices (DAOM 197198) reveals functional tradeoffs in an obligate symbiont - Tisserant - 2012 - New Phytologist - Wiley Online Library New Phytologist Full paper Free AccessStrigolactones stimulated spore germination of two other phylogenetically distant AM fungi, Glomus intraradices and Gl. claroideum. This was also associated with a rapid increase of mitochondrial density and respiration as shown with Gl. intraradices. We conclude that strigolactones are important rhizospheric plant signals involved in stimulating both the …Contribution of Glomus intraradices inoculation to nutrient acquisition and mitigation of ionic imbalance in NaCl-stressed Trigonella foenum-graecum. Mycorrhiza. 22(3): 203 – 217. , , [Web of Science ®], [Google Scholar] Evelin H, Kapoor R, Giri B. 2009. Arbuscular mycorrhizal fungi in alleviation of salt stress: a review.The growing root tips emit root exudates as they push through the substrate which signal the fungi to colonize the roots and establish the symbiosis. Once the roots are colonized, then the process is self-sustaining as the mycelia continue to grow with the plant’s root system and additional spores and hyphae are produced.Jul 20, 2020 · The ease of multiplying this species allows a great number of experiments to be carried out and with that the knowledge about the species has increased. Studies have shown that R. intraradices is found in many ecosystems and can support diverse environmental conditions.. Glomus intraradices is one of the most intensely studied arbuscular ... PubMedGlomus intraradices induces changes in root system architecture of rice independently of common symbiosis signaling Caroline Gutjahr, Leonardo Casieri, Uta Paszkowski First published: 31 March 2009 https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1469-8137.2009.02839.x Citations: 125 Author for correspondence: Uta Paszkowski Tel: + 41 21 692 4210Glomus intraradices 0–100 mM NaCl Lettuce Shoot dry weight, shoot water content and transpiration. rate decreased. Jahromi et al. (2008) DOI: 10.3109/07388551.2014.899964 AMF and its role in ...Frontiers | Rhizoglomus intraradices Improves Plant Growth, Root Morphology and Phytohormone Balance of Robinia pseudoacacia in Arsenic-Contaminated Soils View article impact ORIGINAL RESEARCH …Gong M, You X, Zhang Q (2015) Effects of Glomus intraradices on the growth and reactive oxygen metabolism of foxtail millet under drought. Ann Microbiol 65:595–602. Article CAS Google Scholar Hasanuzzaman M, Bhuyan MHMB, Zulfiqar F, Raza A, Mohsin SM, Mahmud JA, Fujita M, Fotopoulos V (2020) Reactive oxygen species and …Key words: Pteris vittata, Glomus intraradices, Pteridophyta-gametophyte sporophyte, Arum colonization, Paris colonization. Resumen Los helechos presentan dos ...24 Nis 2014 ... intraradices colonization stimulates plant height, stem diameter and root fresh weight of Cucumis melo L. under WS conditions. G. intraradices ...Recently, Porras-Soriano et al. tested the efficacy of three species of AMF – Glomus mosseae, G. intraradices and G. claroideum – to alleviate salt stress in olive trees under nursery conditions. The authors observed that G. mosseae was the most efficient fungus in terms of olive tree performance and particularly in the protection offered ...In the present study, the effects of the arbuscular mycorrhizal fungus (AMF) Glomus intraradices Schenck & Smith and four rhizobacteria (RB; 58/1 and D/2: Pseudomonas fluorescens biovar II; 17: P. putida; 21: Enterobacter cloacae), which are the important members of the rhizosphere microflora and biological control agents against …Gomez SK, Javot H, Deewatthanawong P, Torres-Jerez I, Tang Y, Blancaflor EB, Udvardi MK, Harrison MJ: Medicago truncatula and Glomus intraradices gene expression in cortical cells harboring arbuscules in the arbuscular mycorrhizal symbiosis. BMC Plant Biol 2009, 9: 10. 10.1186/1471-2229-9-10Aug 2, 2022 · Rhizophagus irregularis (previously known as Glomus intraradices) are the most prolific species of AM fungi known to facilitate nutrient uptake in plants. What’s so good about it? AM fungi have been shown to increase the growth and nutritive status of nearly every annual (or biennial) agronomic crop (excluding the Brassica family of vegetables). May 2, 2015 · The current study was aimed at analyzing the differential effects of heavy metals (cadmium and chromium) and mycorrhizal fungus; Glomus intraradices on growth, chlorophyll content, proline production, and metal accumulation in flax plant (Linum usitatissimum L.). Heavy metal accumulation rate in flax varied from 90 to 95 % for Cd and 61–84 % for Cr at a concentration range of 250 to 500 ppm ... The soils were sifted by a 3 mm sieve to get rid of stones and roots. The rhizobium (Bradyrhizobium japonicum SH212) and AMF species, including Funneliformis mosseae (Gm), Claroideoglomus etunicatum (Ge), and Rhizophagus intraradices (Ri) were gained from the Anhui Agricultural University, China. The fungi were multiplied on maize …Foxtail millet (Setaria italica L.) is an ancient domesticated crop grown in arid and semi-arid Africa and Eurasian continent. This study investigated the effects of …Intraradices is included here, along with a few other less important species. Ectomycorrhizal fungi work with less than 5% of plants, so they’re not usually needed in a home food garden, although it doesn’t hurt to have them if you happen to get an inoculant that includes them, and they do associate with some trees including pine, fir ... At least 20,800 viable propagules of glomus intraradices per gram; Certifications OMRI USA; California Department of Food and Agriculture – Organic Input Material Program; European Regulation EC 834/2007; Japanese Regulation JAS …Nov 29, 2021 · Glomus intraradices, described from a citrus planta on in Florida (Schenck & Smith 1982), is an arbuscular mycorrhizal fungus (AMF) that predominantly forms its spores intrar adically . Aug 25, 2010 · Glomus is an arbuscular mycorrhiza, or endomychorizza, meaning it penetrates the cell wall of it host plant. Within the cell wall the fungi forms arbusuclars or tree like structures at the subcellular level. Arbuscular are the site of transfer of materials between host and fungi. Glomus, like all AM, are obligate heterotrophs, that is they ... Jul 10, 2020 · Arbuscular mycorrhizal fungi (AMF) are known to improve the resistance of host plants against various heavy metal stresses. However, the arsenic (As) resistance mechanism of AMF-inoculated woody legumes remains unclear. In this study, black locust (Robinia pseudoacacia L.) seedlings were cultivated in potted soils inoculated with or without AMF Rhizoglomus intraradices under three different ... Glomus intraradices induces changes in root system architecture of rice independently of common symbiosis signaling 2009 Jun;182 (4):829-837. doi: 10.1111/j.1469-8137.2009.02839.x. Leonardo Casieri Uta Paszkowski Department of Plant Molecular Biology, University of Lausanne, Biophore Building, 1015 Lausanne, Switzerland.Phosphate is imported by fungal phosphate transporters (cloned from Glomus intraradices 87 and Glomus versiforme 86) that are present in extraradical hyphae (ERH). Phosphate is transported towards ...Myco-Root bio-fertilizer contains arbuscular mycorrhiza fungi (AMF) of Glomus mosseae, Glomus intraradices and Glomus etunicatum with count 10 7 to 10 8 CFU/gr is provided by Zist Fanavar Pishtaz ...Glomus Intraradices. Coils formed by Glomus intraradices in A. fistulosas are active with respect to succinate dehydrogenase and acid and alkaline phosphatase …Rhizophagus irregularis (previously known as Glomus intraradices [3] [4]) is an arbuscular mycorrhizal fungus used as a soil inoculant in agriculture and horticulture. Rhizophagus irregularis is also commonly used in scientific studies of the effects of arbuscular mycorrhizal fungi on plant and soil improvement.with Funneliformis mosseae and Glomus intraradices (unpublished data by the authors). 4.2. Nutrient Uptake. AMF form extraradical mycelium in the soil, thus promoting nutrient uptake of the.A new in vitro experimental system was developed to study the morphogenesis of discrete regions of a single extraradical mycelium of the arbuscular mycorrhizal (AM) fungus Glomus intraradices, growing simultaneously in six different agar-based media. The media were (i) unamended water agar (WA), (ii) WA+PO 4 3− (PO 4 …intraradices, Glomus etunicatum and Glomus fasciculatum. on plant grow th and de velopment, nutrient up take and . essential oil content an d composition o f sweet basil. MATERIALS AND M ETHODS.Mar 29, 2007 · Glomus intraradices (Schenck and Smith, DAOM 197198, Biosystematic Research Center, Ottawa, Canada) was grown in monoxenic culture and subjected to 0, 50, or 100 mM NaCl. The specimens, kept in continuous monoxenic cultures, were provided by the culture collections of Zaidin Experimental Station, Granada, Spain. Glomus intraradices-like fungi are the most intensely studied arbuscular mycorrhizal (AM) fungi.However, there are several AM fungi named as G. intraradices that may not be conspecific. Therefore, the hypothesis was tested that DAOM197198 and similar AM fungi, such as BEG195, correspond to the type of G. intraradices.. The G. intraradices isotype material, a descendant (INVAM FL208) of the ...Key words: Pteris vittata, Glomus intraradices, Pteridophyta-gametophyte sporophyte, Arum colonization, Paris colonization. Resumen Los helechos presentan dos ...In the present study, the effects of the arbuscular mycorrhizal fungus (AMF) Glomus intraradices Schenck & Smith and four rhizobacteria (RB; 58/1 and D/2: Pseudomonas fluorescens biovar II; 17: P. putida; 21: Enterobacter cloacae), which are the important members of the rhizosphere microflora and biological control agents against …Glomus Intraradices. Coils formed by Glomus intraradices in A. fistulosas are active with respect to succinate dehydrogenase and acid and alkaline phosphatase activity (van Aarle et al., 2005). From: Mycorrhizal Symbiosis (Third Edition), 2008. Related terms: Host Plant; Internal Transcribed Spacer; Mycorrhiza; Arbuscular Mycorrhiza; Arbuscular ... Koide and Kabir (Citation 2000) demonstrated hydrolysis of organic phosphate in the hyphal compartment of the in vitro two-compartment monoxenic culture of G. intraradices Schenck & Smith with a concurrent increase in root P content, suggesting that plants can access organic phosphate via fungal ACP secretion.Jun 29, 2021 · Rhizophagus irregularis is an arbuscular mycorrhiza fungus that can enhance plant nutrition and reduce transplant shock on seedlings. The present study aims to evaluate the effects of this fungus on the quality of cannabis ( Cannabis sativa L.) seedlings.A greenhouse float system experiment was conducted in a completely randomized design with ... Glomus etunicatum and Methylobacterium oryzae CBMB20 strains, when co-inoculated in soil, significantly increased dry biomass, AM root colonization, and nutrient accumulation in maize plants under salt stress (Lee et al., 2015), while R. intraradices and Massilia sp. RK4 exhibited better results on AM root colonization and nutrient …Also known as Glomus intraradices. Perhaps the most common, effective and widely used beneficial mycorrhizal fungi species... . Rhizophagus irregularis ...Find the perfect glomus intraradices stock photo, image, vector, illustration or 360 image. Available for both RF and RM licensing.28 Kas 2001 ... Abstract: In this study it was aimed to determine the colonisation of arbuscular mycorrhizal fungus (Glomus intraradices) on the root systems of ...Glomus intraradices, described from a citrus planta on in Florida (Schenck & Smith 1982), is an arbuscular mycorrhizal fungus (AMF) that predominantly forms its …GM Glomus mossae-treated group, CK untreated group. Overview of the RNA-seq and functional analyses of DEGs To decipher the resistance response of P. alba × P. berolinensis seedlings to gypsy moth larvae at the molecular level that were affected by AM symbiosis, genome-wide transcript abundances in the seedling leaves were …The nomenclatural type material of Rhizophagus intraradices (basionym Glomus intraradices ) was originally described from a trap pot culture established with root fragments, subcultures of which later became registered in the INVAM culture collection as FL 208.Mar 1, 1996 · The symbiosis was formed between Glomus intraradices and Ri T-DNA transformed Daucus carota roots Spore density (mm ~)~ in compartment Petri dish Proximal Distal partment within 2 wk (Fig. 2). The density of hyphae and 1 spores in the rootless compartment continued to increase for 2 3-4 months. Jun 22, 2011 · The study aimed to investigate the effects of an AM fungus (Glomus intraradices Schenck and Smith) on mineral acquisition in fenugreek (Trigonella foenum-graecum) plants under different levels of salinity. Mycorrhizal (M) and non-mycorrhizal (NM) fenugreek plants were subjected to four levels of NaCl salinity (0, 50, 100, and 200 mM NaCl). Plant tissues were analyzed for different mineral ... Such findings are consistent with previous observations on the occurrence of degraded-looking cytoplasm or empty and septated zones in old ERM developed by Gigaspora rosea and Glomus intraradices ...Several species of AMF have been studied in the world, however, the most species used as a model are as follows: Funneliformis mosseae (previously known as Glomus mosseae), Gigaspora rosea, Gigaspora margarita, Gigaspora gigantea, and Rhizophagus irregularis (previously known as Glomus intraradices and Glomus …The reestablisment of autochthonous plant species is an essential strategy for recovering degraded areas under semiarid conditions. A field experiment was carried out to assess the short-term effect of two reafforestation methods involving mycorrhizal inoculation and compost addition on soil quality parameters and Rhamnus lycioides seedling growth. The …More than two-thirds of terrestrial plants acquire nutrients by forming a symbiosis with arbuscular mycorrhizal (AM) fungi. AM fungal hyphae recruit distinct microbes into their hyphosphere, the narrow region of soil influenced by hyphal exudates. They thereby shape this so-called second genome of AM fungi, which significantly …Nov 16, 2012 · Glomus intraradices increased significantly the root relative water content compared with that of uninoculated treatments under drought stress (Table 2). Table 2. Mycorrhizal colonization, extraradical hyphal length density and root relative water content of maize plants under different water regimes Maize The study was carried by Aguegue et al. (2021) to evaluate the maize growth, yield, and colonization of AM inoculants— Acaulospora capsicula, A. dilatata, Diversispora globifera, Funneliformis geosporum, Glomus caledonium, and Rhizophagus intraradices.The transcriptome of the arbuscular mycorrhizal fungus Glomus intraradices (DAOM 197198) reveals functional tradeoffs in an obligate symbiont - Tisserant - 2012 - New Phytologist - Wiley Online Library New Phytologist Full paper Free AccessDuring the symbiotic interaction between Medicago truncatula and the arbuscular mycorrhizal (AM) fungus Glomus intraradices, an endogenous increase in jasmonic acid (JA) occurs. Two full-length cDNAs coding for the JA-biosynthetic enzyme allene oxide cyclase (AOC) from M. truncatula, designated as MtAOC1 and MtAOC2, were cloned …Rhizophagus intraradices Taxonomy ID: 4876 (for references in articles please use NCBI:txid4876) current name Background. Glomus intraradices is a species of arbuscular mycorrhizal fungi that, as an obligate endomycorrhiza, can form mutually beneficial associations with plants.Panax ginseng is a popular traditional Chinese medicine; however, problems associated with ginseng planting, such as pesticide residues, reduce the ginseng quality.28 Oca 2016 ... The inoculation with Glomus intraradices enhanced peanut growth and increased its dry matter more than 2-fold compared with non-inoculated ...Myco-Root bio-fertilizer contains arbuscular mycorrhiza fungi (AMF) of Glomus mosseae, Glomus intraradices and Glomus etunicatum with count 10 7 to 10 8 CFU/gr is provided by Zist Fanavar Pishtaz ...The soils were sifted by a 3 mm sieve to get rid of stones and roots. The rhizobium (Bradyrhizobium japonicum SH212) and AMF species, including Funneliformis mosseae (Gm), Claroideoglomus etunicatum (Ge), and Rhizophagus intraradices (Ri) were gained from the Anhui Agricultural University, China. The fungi were multiplied on maize …Multi-locus genotypes of G. intraradicespopulation. We used a set of 40 in vitro cultivated isolates of G. intraradices originating from one population in Tänikon, …Sep 1, 2011 · The effects were tested under in vitro and in vivo conditions using an axenically propagated strain of the AM fungus Glomus intraradices and Glycine max (soybean) as the plant host. The rates of spore germination and re-growth of intraradical mycelium were not affected by inoculation with Paenibacillus strains in spite of the variation of ... The arbuscular mycorrhizal fungus Glomus intraradices increased P uptake and the P concentration in the plant but reduced disease development in peas. Polyacrylamide gel electrophoresis followed by densitometry of glucose-6-phosphate dehydrogenase specific to A.euteiches was used to measure the activity of the pathogen in roots. The enzyme …Glomus Intraradices. Coils formed by Glomus intraradices in A. fistulosas are active with respect to succinate dehydrogenase and acid and alkaline phosphatase activity (van Aarle et al., 2005). From: Mycorrhizal Symbiosis (Third Edition), 2008. Related terms: Host Plant; Internal Transcribed Spacer; Mycorrhiza; Arbuscular Mycorrhiza; Arbuscular ... Dec 11, 2013 · The complex interactions among the maize pest Western Corn Rootworm (WCR), Glomus intraradices (GI-recently renamed Rhizophagus intraradices) and the microbial communities in both rhizosphere and endorhiza of maize have been investigated in view of new pest control strategies. Apr 24, 2014 · Foxtail millet (Setaria italica L.) is an ancient domesticated crop grown in arid and semi-arid Africa and Eurasian continent. This study investigated the effects of arbuscular mycorrhizal (AM) fungi (Glomus intraradices) and water stress on the growth and reactive oxygen metabolism of foxtail millet under greenhouse pot conditions. After two soil water availability treatments [well-watered ... Background: Glomus intraradices is a species of arbuscular mycorrhizal fungi that, as an obligate endomycorrhiza, can form mutually beneficial associations with plants. Panax ginseng is a popular traditional Chinese medicine; however, problems associated with ginseng planting, such as pesticide residues, reduce the ginseng quality. Pelletier et Dionne (2004). Inoculation rate of arbuscular mycorrhizal fungi Glomus intraradices and Glomus etunicatum affects establishment of landscape turf with no irrigation and or fertilizer inputs. Crop Science, 44:335-338. Podeszfinski et al, (2002). In situ turfgrass establishment : I. response to arbuscular mycorrhizae and fertilization.During the symbiotic interaction between Medicago truncatula and the arbuscular mycorrhizal (AM) fungus Glomus intraradices, an endogenous increase in jasmonic acid (JA) occurs. Two full-length cDNAs coding for the JA-biosynthetic enzyme allene oxide cyclase (AOC) from M. truncatula, designated as MtAOC1 and MtAOC2, were cloned …Maize The study was carried by Aguegue et al. (2021) to evaluate the maize growth, yield, and colonization of AM inoculants— Acaulospora capsicula, A. dilatata, Diversispora globifera, Funneliformis geosporum, Glomus caledonium, and Rhizophagus intraradices.Here, three AM fungal compositions namely VT (Claroideoglomus sp., Funneliformis sp., Diversispora sp., Glomus sp., and Rhizophagus sp.) and BF (Glomus intraradices, G. microageregatum BEG and G. Claroideum BEG 210), and Funneliformis mosseae (Fm) were investigated with respect to the growth, gas exchange parameters, enzymes …Glomus intraradices, described from a citrus planta on in Florida (Schenck & Smith 1982), is an arbuscular mycorrhizal fungus (AMF) that predominantly forms its spores intrar adically .It's a member of the arbuscular mycorrhiza who stimulate the growth and development of different plant spieces. Worldwide some 150 different species of ...The study suggests the cultivation of annual crop plants under tree canopy will improve growth and soil mineral nutrient quality due to AM fungi ( Hailemariam et al., 2013 ). Li et al. (2012) used AM fungi, Glomus intraradices, as inoculant in pot experiment with maize grown for evaluation of nutrient uptake (nitrogen, phosphorus, potassium ... Roots of L. japonicus are also effectively colonized by symbiotic arbuscular mycorrhizal fungi, for example, Glomus intraradices and Gigaspora margarita. These fungi invade the root tissue by intercellular and intracellular hyphal growth and form arbuscules in cortical cells where metabolic interchanges take place. Rhizophagus irregularis (formerly Glomus intraradices) Potato virus Y (Potyvirus, potyviridae) Positive ssRNA (Gruppo IV) Milder symptoms: Leaves, stems, roots: Increase of leaves and stems dry weight: Thiem et al., 2014: Tobacco (Solanaceae) Rhizophagus irregularis (formerly Glomus intraradices) Tobacco mosaic virus …Mar 1, 1996 · The symbiosis was formed between Glomus intraradices and Ri T-DNA transformed Daucus carota roots Spore density (mm ~)~ in compartment Petri dish Proximal Distal partment within 2 wk (Fig. 2). The density of hyphae and 1 spores in the rootless compartment continued to increase for 2 3-4 months. At least 20,800 viable propagules of glomus intraradices per gram; Certifications OMRI USA; California Department of Food and Agriculture – Organic Input Material Program; European Regulation EC 834/2007; Japanese Regulation JAS …. Background: Mentha arvensis is cultivated in large parts of1.2.1 Phylogeny and taxonomy. Since the first description of G A total of 17 AMF species from the seleniferous region and 18 AMF species from the non-seleniferous region were identified. The number of reads of Glomus irregularis, G. custos, and G. intraradices was higher in seleniferous soil than in non-seleniferous soil, indicating their tolerance to Se. A consortium of Se-tolerant AMF inoculum was ...Background: Glomus intraradices is a species of arbuscular mycorrhizal fungi that, as an obligate endomycorrhiza, can form mutually beneficial associations with plants. Panax ginseng is a popular traditional Chinese medicine; however, problems associated with ginseng planting, such as pesticide residues, reduce the ginseng quality. In a field experiment, Caravaca et al. evaluated the effect of The nomenclatural type material of Rhizophagus intraradices (basionym Glomus intraradices ) was originally described from a trap pot culture established with root fragments, subcultures of which later became registered in the INVAM culture collection as FL 208.Myco-Root bio-fertilizer contains arbuscular mycorrhiza fungi (AMF) of Glomus mosseae, Glomus intraradices and Glomus etunicatum with count 10 7 to 10 8 CFU/gr is provided by Zist Fanavar Pishtaz ... The presence of actinorhizas and arbuscular m...

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